How to start Commercial Tilapia Farming Business in Nigeria

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COMPLETE GUIDE TO TILAPIA FARMING IN NIGERIA

Our Guide will run you through questions you need to consider before starting a rabbit farm. It will also give you a basic idea on what to expect when operating and managing your rabbit business.

Description

Now, tilapia has become an established seafood item in the country. It is found in seafood restaurants and some grocery stores. Live fish are found in farmers market and stores with live tanks.
Raising tilapia can be simple or complex depending on how strict or lenient a breeder wants to apply his fish growing strategy. He can exercise stringent control over water quality and food supply to affect greater yield, or leave most of the fish growing process to nature. To start, a farmer can buy tilapia fingerlings and raise them until they are the size that can be sold or he can breed his own stock.

Tilapia Culture in Ponds
Ponds cost less to construct than, say tanks, and allows natural biological productivity to occur in the system. Further, it allows innovation such as the use of cages or net enclosures to allow more efficient collection and growing of fry. However, in the pond system where there are no predators, overpopulation is a tendency. Over population puts pressure in the system and could retard the growth of the fish to its maximum potential.
The normal stocking rate for all-male tilapia cultures varies from 4,000 to over 20,000 fishes per acre. If you have no supplemental aeration, it is safest to stay in the lower range. In a suitable environment with an adequate supply of nutrition, it is possible for 50 gram fingerlings to become 500 gram fishes within 6 months even without supplemental aeration if the stocking rate is 4,000/acre. This means an average growth rate of 2.5 grams per day and it is possible for such a culture to yield 2.2 tons/acre.
Fry Production Process
Example for a system of Brood-stock: Three groups of brood-stock (parents) 400 females + 200 males which will produce 2.500.000 fry per year.
Breeding stock enter the production cycle of 14 days in the spawning ponds. After 14 days the fry are separated from their parents and transferred to the sex reversal ponds

Production time intervals:
•   Spawning: ~14 days
•   Sex reversal: ~ 25 – 30 days
•   Nursery for size of 1 gram to 50 grams:~ 75 days
•   Growth from 50 gram to market size: ~ 150 days.

COMPLETE GUIDE TO TILAPIA FISH FARMING IN EARTHEN (HAPAS) AND CONCRETE PONDS IN NIGERIA

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
Introduction
Tilapia fish farming
Types of tilapia

CHAPTER 2: MARKETS AND MARKETING
Identifying the Market and its Needs
Know your Product
Choice of Management Plan
Sitting the Farm
Profit Margins in Grow-out Fish Farming
Sustaining the Market

CHAPTER 3: EARTHEN POND AND CONCRETE POND REQUIREMENTS AND POND PREPARATION
Recommended Pond Construction Criteria
Pond Preparation

CHAPTER 4: STOCKING PONDS
Quality of Fingerlings
Stock Stress-free Animals
Size to Stock
Stocking Rates
When to Stock
How to Stock
Records

CHAPTER 5: REPRODUCTIVE IN TILAPIA
Breeding and reproductive biology of Nile tilapia
Brood stock management
Brood stock replacement techniques
Breeding plan and fish improvement

CHAPTER 6: DEVELOPMENT AND OPERATION OF MIXED SEX SEED PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Mixed sex tilapia seed production in ponds
Mixed sex tilapia seed production in concrete tanks
Mixed sex tilapia seed production in hapas

CHAPTER 7: WATER QUALITY AND GENERAL POND MANAGEMENT
The Water Quality Requirements for Catfish Production
Managing the Water Quality Parameters
Managing Ponds with Carrying Capacity in Mind

CHAPTER 8: FEEDS AND FEEDING THE FISH
Feeds
Feeding table suggesting for catfish
Feeding time
Local feed formulation and processing
Feed preservation

CHAPTER 9: HANDLING, SAMPLING AND HARVESTING
Handling Fish
Sampling
Harvesting
Records

CHAPTER 10: RUNNING A FISH FARM AS A BUSINESS
Running a fish farm as a business
Feeding & Growth
Production costs, revenues and returns on 1000 fingerlings to adult size Tilapia

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