Unlike starting other tree farms, starting a plantain farm and growing plantain are easier and less complicated. Although growing plantain still require ones attention, the level of skill required is not as intensive as other trees.
Here are a few guidelines in growing plantain and starting a plantain farm.
The first thing to consider in starting a plantain farm is looking for the right climate. Plantain cannot thrive in an environment that is too hot or too cold. The plantain plantation must have a good drainage system .A rich, naturally fertilized soil is the ideal for planting Plantain If such is not available, one can create compost and add chicken manure.
Plantain plants also grow best in bunches or groups because they protect each other from the harsh rays of the sun. It is important to create an environment where the plantain plants are sheltered either because they are bunched up together or there are other trees to protect them. It is important to maintain the humidity of the plantain plantation.
Considering that a plantain plant is not a tree but a type of herb, they cannot actually be grown from seeds like most trees. Plantain plants are grown through suckers. Suckers are those that grow from a dying, mature plantain plant that can be transplanted and re-grown. They may be considered as baby plants that are used to start new plantain plants. Choose suckers from plants that are vigorous. They should have small, spear shaped leaves and are about one foot high.
There is a corm at the bottom of each mature plantain tree. In transplanting a sucker, it is necessary to cut downwards and get as much corm and root as possible. Plant these and cut or decapitate the sucker to facilitate good evaporation. Keep around two to five meters between planted suckers. In the early days of your plant, keep them moist but not too wet as they don’t have leaves yet to evaporate the water.
As the plantain grows, it is important to protect it from strong winds. It is also important to keep it well watered. One can also sprinkle fertilizers every now and then but mostly throwing the plantain dead leaves back into the plant is enough to sustain the rich quality of the soil. Unlike other trees, plantain do not need complicated pruning. Just remove dead leaves and dead plants near the plantain. Also remove suckers from the plant keeping only one or two that have spear shaped leaves. You can replant removed suckers if you have space to plant them
Plantain is a very lucrative business, a bunch of plantain cost N1, 400 some could be sold for higher price can be sold to market women directly. Now imagine how much N1, 400 multiplied by 1,000 plantain that is a whooping sum of N1, 400, 000 but don’t forget, there were expenditures like renting of land, cleaning bushing payment of security. See manual for expenditures
Our eBook can help you establish the clear vision and goals you will need to guide your new agricultural venture. It will help you identify and assess personal motivations, business and farming skills, and available resources. It will help you clarify values. The goal of Our eBook is to help you decide whether starting an agricultural business is right for you, and-based on that decision-to help you plan practical next steps.
Plantain production regions in Nigeria
Importance of plantain in Nigeria
Factors limiting production and availability in Nigeria
Contribution to rural development
Sources of supply
Recording of farm information
Why schedule your crop
How to schedule your crop
Time of planting
Type of planting material
FARM LAYOUT/ PLANTING SYSTEM
Field preparation and planting system
Plantain Production Systems
Marking Out Plantation
Digging out the holes
Planting / Planting Arrangements
Follower sucker selection and De-suckering
Selection of following suckers
Staggered Plantings Every 1 – 2 Months
Types Of Fertilizer
Plantain Propagation, Growth Requirements And Agronomic Practices
Choosing an irrigation system
HARVEST AND MARKETING
Process of Plantain Harvesting
Handling of Bunches and ‘Hands’
Think as if you were a consumer
Know the marketing chain for your fruit
Visit the markets in which your fruit is wholesaled and retailed
Actively seek market information
Possible ways to increase sales and potential returns
Management of pests and diseases
PLANTAIN FARMING BUSINESS PLAN/ FEASIBILITY STUDY ON 5 ACRES 3 years production plan
How Much You Can Make
A Typical Expenditure / Profit Analysis For An Acre
How To Generate Quick Cash At Home By Producing Plantain Chips With Little Capital
Address/ Where To Purchase Your Improved Variety Suckers
You Get The Following eBook
Complete Guide To Plantain Sucker Production Seedling Multiplication
Plantain Farming Business Plan/ Feasibility Study On 5 Acres 3 Years Production Plan
How To Start Commercial Plantain Farming In Nigeria